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Could You be Prediabetic and Not Know It?

Could You be Prediabetic and Not Know It?

You're probably familiar with type 2 diabetes, a condition that affects how your body uses energy. In people with type 2 diabetes, blood sugar – also known as blood glucose – tends to rise to potentially harmful levels.

However, you may be less familiar with a condition known as prediabetes. People with prediabetes have blood sugar levels that are higher than they should be, but not quite high enough to merit a diagnosis of diabetes.

Why should you know about prediabetes? Two reasons: First, because prediabetes can turn into type 2 diabetes. And second, if you have prediabetes and you make important lifestyle changes, you could prevent type 2 diabetes from developing.

Unfortunately, many people with prediabetes don't know they have it. With that in mind, the care providers at Encino Park Family Health & Wellness Clinic in San Antonio, Texas, would like to tell you more about prediabetes and how you can find out whether it is affecting you.

About prediabetes

As its name suggests, prediabetes precedes type 2 diabetes. In people with prediabetes, blood sugar levels are starting to increase, but haven't risen high enough to be considered diabetes.

Here's how that looks in terms of blood sugar measurements. Normal blood sugar (based on a fasting plasma glucose, or FPG test) is 100 mg/dl or below. Blood sugar in someone with diabetes is 126 mg/dl or higher. Prediabetes is that middle ground, between 100 and 125 mg/dl, according to the American Diabetes Association (ADA).

Most people with prediabetes have none of the symptoms that can occur with diabetes, such as excessive thirst, frequent urination, blurry vision, or fatigue. So you can absolutely have prediabetes and not know it. 

Getting tested for prediabetes

The only way to know for sure if you have prediabetes is to have your blood sugar tested. Fortunately, testing is a simple process. 

Several kinds of tests can measure your blood sugar. These include the FPG test and the A1C test, which measures average blood sugar over the past two or three months. 

Normal A1C is less than 5.7%, prediabetes is 5.7% to 6.4%, and diabetes is 6.5% or higher, according to the ADA.

What to do if you have prediabetes

If blood testing determines that you have prediabetes, you can make lifestyle changes that could postpone or prevent type 2 diabetes from developing in the future.

In fact, research has found that people with prediabetes can lower their risk of developing type 2 diabetes by 58% simply by losing weight (reducing your body weight by just 7%, which is about 15 pounds if you weigh 200 pounds) and doing moderate exercise such as walking 30 minutes a day, 5 days a week.

Have your blood sugar checked

Don’t miss out on the opportunity to protect yourself from type 2 diabetes. By having your blood sugar tested, you can find out whether you have prediabetes and start making lifestyle changes to lower your risk of type 2 diabetes. To make an appointment for a blood sugar test at Encino Park Family Health & Wellness Clinic, call 210-568-5816 or visit our website here.

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